In this guide, we will show you how you can migrate your Magento store to Cloudways using an SSH terminal (command line). You need some basic knowledge of the command line to be able to complete the process.
How to Migrate Your Magento Store to Cloudways via SSH (Command Line)
Step 1: Creating Backup of Web files
If you have SSH access to your current server, you can simplify the process by making an archive of your entire site first by using the tar command. Run the following in your Magento’s webroot/public_html directory.
tar -czf backup.tar.gz *
This will create a compressed file that we will need to download to our Cloudways server.
Step 2: Downloading the Backup File to Your Cloudways Server
You can transfer the backup file to your Cloudways servers by using the wget or scp command. In this guide, we are using wget to transfer the backup.
To do this, log into your Cloudways server using your SSH user, Make sure you are in the public_html directory where your site should be located. Then run the following commands.
wget http://your_domain_or_ip address/backup.tar.gz
This will download the backup file we created in the previous step to your Cloudways server.
tar -xzf backup.tar.gz
This will decompress contents in the current folder.
Once the above is done, you should remove the backup.tar.gz from your old server.
Step 3: Backup the Database
In this step, you will make a backup of the database in your old server. To backup your database, we recommend using SSH or a tool like phpMyAdmin.
Log into your old server with SSH as we did in Step 1. Once you are there, run the following command (replace dbUsername and dbName with the database name and database username from your old setup):
mysqldump -u dbUsername -p dbName > db_backup.sql
This will create a dump of your database and save it as db_backup.sql in the current directory. If you don’t have SSH access, contact your current host for assistance on how to backup the database.
Step 4: Restoring the Database on Your New Cloudways ServerCopy to Clipboard
Now we will restore the database dump we took into our Cloudways server. Again, open an SSH session to your Cloudways server with the appropriate credentials and run the following commands (replace dbUsername and dbName with the database name and user name that you can find in the application tab of your Cloudways console):
mysql -u dbUsername -p password dbName < db_backup.sql
This will download the backup file from your old server to your Cloudways server and restore the data into the database named as dbName.
Remove the db_backup.sql from your old server once you successfully restored the database.
Step 5: Update Magento Configuration Settings
Edit the Magento configuration file to use the Cloudways server database.
Open the file local.xml under the public_html/app/etc/ directory with your favorite text editor. Here we have used vim to edit the local.xml file as shown above. Remove the old entries and input the new Cloudways application details.
You can also use the SFTP File Manager for file modification).
Save the file and exit.
Step 6: Clear the Magento Cache
Go to the folder var/cache inside your Magento root directory (Public_html“) and remove any file or folder that may exist.
Make sure you are in /var/cache before running the command above!
That’s it! You should now be able to open your Magento website from your Cloudways server. You can check that all is working fine updating your local hosts file and pointing to your Cloudways server.
Once you are happy with how your site works on the new server, you can proceed to make the necessary DNS changes to take your website live from Cloudways.
That’s it! We hope this article was helpful. If you need any help, then feel free to search your query on Cloudways Support Center or contact us via chat (Need a Hand > Send us a Message). Alternatively, you can also create a support ticket.